Fourier, Charles

   philosopher, economist
   The son of a wealthy merchant, Charles Fourier was born in Besançon, where he also studied at the university. In 1799, he began to write on politics and economics, and his first large work, Théorie des quatres movements et des destinées générales (1808), expounded his social system and his plans for the cooperative organization of society. In this and in other works (Traité de l'association domestiques et agricole, 1822; Le Nouveau Monde industriel et sociétaire, 1829) and in his weekly journal, Le Phalanstère, his system, known as Fourierism, was presented. It was based on his belief in a universal principle of harmony, displayed in four areas: the material universe, organic life, animal life, and human society. Fourier believed that this harmony could flourish only when the restraints placed upon the gratification of desire by conventional society have been abolished, allowing each person to live a free and complete life. The ideal harmoniousness was to be accomplished by the division of society into cooperative phalanxes, or communities, consisting each of about 1,600 individuals, living in the pha-lanstary, a vast communal dwelling placed in the center of a highly cultivated area. Elaborate rules were set down for conduct within the phalanx, and assignment of work was based on talent. Private property would still exist, but visible distinctions between rich and poor would be minimized. The phalanx's communal wealth would provide sufficiently for the basic needs of its members. Marriage in the traditional sense would be abolished and replaced by an elaborate system that regulated the community's social behavior. Fourier's utopian project was not realized, but Fourierism had a number of adaptations.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Fourier, Charles — ▪ French philosopher born , April 7, 1772, Besançon, Fr. died Oct. 10, 1837, Paris  French social theorist who advocated a reconstruction of society based on communal associations of producers known as phalanges (phalanxes). His system came to be …   Universalium

  • Fourier, Charles — (France)    Painter.    Source: Isabelle Azoulay, The new order of love: Charles Fourier, the unwavering dreamer of liberated passions, in Romantique: erotic art of the early nineteenth century (Bearsville, NY: Elephant & Mouse Editions): pp. 40… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Fourier, Charles — ► (1772 1837) Sociólogo y reformador francés. Socialista utópico, defendió el trabajo y el amor libre y propugnó la creación de comunidades de producción (falansterios), en los que el individuo trabajaría según sus aptitudes y tomaría parte en su …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Fourier — [ʃaʀl fuˈʀje] (* 7. April 1772 in Besançon; † 19. Oktober 1837 in Paris) war ein französischer Gesellschaftstheoretiker, ein Vertreter des Frühsozialismus und ein scharfer Kritiker des frühen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Fourier — François Maria Charles Fourier (Besanzón, 7 de abril de 1772 – París, 10 de octubre de 1837) fue un socialista francés de la primera parte del siglo XIX y uno de los padres del cooperativismo. Fourier fue un mordaz crítico de la economía y el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fourier — Fourier, Charles Fourier, Jean B. Joseph * * * (as used in expressions) Fourier, (François Marie) Charles Fourier, (Jean Baptiste) Joseph, barón Fourier, serie de transformada de Fourier …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FOURIER (C.) — FOURIER CHARLES (1772 1837) Né à Besançon dans un milieu aisé, Charles Fourier, après de sérieuses études, s’installe bientôt à Lyon, où la Révolution le ruine. Contraint à gagner sa vie, il exerce plusieurs métiers, dont celui de salarié du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fourier — (Charles) (1772 1837) philosophe et économiste français. Socialiste utopique, il dressa, de façon poétique et savoureuse, le plan d une cité harmonieuse (le phalanstère) où l homme s épanouirait dans le travail. Fourier (Joseph, baron) (1768… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles Sauria — né à Poligny le 25 avril 1812 et mort à Saint Lothain (Jura) le 22 août 1895, est un inventeur français. Il est le fils du général d Empire Jean Charles Sauriat. Biographie En 1831, alors …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fourier [3] — Fourier, Charles, geb. 1772 zu Besançon, Kaufmann, jedoch niemals in einem selbstständigen Geschäfte, sondern Commis größerer Häuser, st. 10. October 1837. Er ist der Stifter eines nach ihm benannten socialistischen Systems, das wie alle… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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